Purposes of Guidance and Counselling

Purposes of Guidance and Counselling

Purposes of Guidance and Counselling

Following are some of the reasons;

  1. Determine and inform people on their fundamental personal requirements, talents, assets, liabilities, and potentialities.
  2. Provide relevant career information, as well as rectify or clarify any misunderstandings.
  3. Evaluate a person's possibilities of employment success.
  4. Make clients aware of career opportunities and how to advance within them.
  5. Make possibilities for job progression and further training available.
  6. Make recommendations for alternate vocations and the accomplishment of the objectives' priority.
  7. Assist students in selecting acceptable and rewarding personal, career, and educational choices;
  8. Assist students in developing a good self-image via self-awareness of each person's needs and difficulties.
  9. Assist instructors and school employees in comprehending each student's requirements and issues;
  10. Assist school authorities/administrators in developing educational objectives and interpersonal interaction programmes;
  11. Participate in the educational planning process;
  12. Utilize all available resources at the school or at home to meet the pupils' vocational, educational, and socio-personal requirements;
  13. Supplement the learner's educational and administrative input from school;
  14. Assist students in developing a positive attitude toward themselves, others, school, values, interests, morals, beliefs, and discipline;
  15. Assist students in optimising and using their talents, as well as correcting the origins of their shortcomings and raising the educational standard;
  16. Assist students in living inside the confines of a school;
  17. Assist people in achieving freedom with as little conflict with institutional ideals as possible;
  18. Encourage students to have a strong sense of self-awareness, the capacity to learn about the world of work, the prospect of further education, and the ability to make sound judgments.
  19. Protecting an individual's mental health; and enhancing human efficiency.

Functions of Parents or Guardians:

Parents and guardians are required to work with the school in their children's education and supervision. The greatest word to describe the roles of parents and guardians is cooperation. Some of the specific cooperation duties of parents in the school guidance programme are listed below.

  1. It is the responsibility of parents to offer information. It is the obligation of parents to provide knowledge that will assist them in providing suitable direction to their children.
  2. Parents should urge their children to seek counsel from professionals.
  3. Parents should take use of school guidance programmes to learn more about their children.
  4. Parents should review their own life to see if their children are growing up in an atmosphere that is favourable to learning.
  5. Parents should assist the school by instilling in their children correct attitudes such as self-discipline, self-improvement, labour dignity, acceptance of responsibility, and honesty.


Guidance Responsibilities of Pupils


Pupils, students, and clients are also required to fulfil their tasks.

  • To work together with teachers and school administration when they are referred to the counsellor for help.
  • To accept and acknowledge the counsellor as a professional.
  • To seek counselling whenever the need arises.
  • To make use of educational and occupational resources offered by the counselling services at their school.
  • They must open up, i.e., be willing to provide the counsellor with whatever information that would assist them in the counselling process.
  • Pupils or customers are also expected to raise awareness of the necessity of guidance and counselling in the school to other students. They will boost the programme by doing so.
  • They are to help the guidance programme by telling their parents about the content and other requirements of the school guidance programme so that they can give.       


Diagnosis and Follow-up in Counselling

Counseling is a conversation between the counselee and the counsellor to explore the situation that the counselee is experiencing. The process of counselling necessitates the counselee's active engagement in identifying the roots of the problem and bringing about changes in his or her behaviour via talks with the counsellor in order to solve the problem and promote healthy growth. Counseling's primary goal is to assist the client in resolving his or her issues. Diagnosis is a procedure in which the counsellor and the counselee strive to figure out what's wrong and what's causing it. The counselee's attention during diagnosis is usually on the following:

  • How the counselee views himself
  • The counselee’s perception of the world around him


The diagnostic procedure aids both the counsellor and the counselee in identifying the counselee's strengths and limitations. The choice is reached by debate and dialogue between the counselee and the counsellor. This allows the counselee to have a deeper understanding of himself. The counselee, with the help of the counsellor, can discover a solution to the problem on his own through the diagnosis process. A counselee benefits from diagnosis in the following ways:

  • It assists the counselee in gaining a better awareness of himself, as well as insight into his strengths and flaws.
  • He becomes aware of his own personality and sentiments.
  • It also helps the counselee to apply what he has learned to make positive adjustments in his life.

The counsellor recommends corrective methods and therapies based on the diagnosis so that the individual can overcome his condition. Counseling is followed up on to see how effective the corrective actions were. The counsellor constantly follows up to see if the remedy or therapy he recommended was successful or not. If the measures aren't working, the counsellor and the counselee go through the diagnosing process again and come up with new options.

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